A Review of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound for Therapeutic Applications
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a type of ultrasound that delivers at a low intensity and outputs in the mode of pulsed waves. It has minimal thermal effects while maintaining the transmission of acoustic energy to the target tissue, which can provide non-invasive physical stimulation for therapeutic applications. LIPUS has been demonstrated to accelerate the healing of fresh fracture, nonunion and delayed union in both animal and clinical studies. The effectiveness of LIPUS for the applications of soft-tissue regeneration and inhibiting inflammatory responses has also been investigated experimentally. Additionally, research has shown that LIPUS is a promising modality for neuromodulation.