Wearable Devices for Precision Medicine and Health State Monitoring
Wearable technologies will play an important role in advancing precision medicine by enabling measurement of clinically-relevant parameters that define an individual’s health state. The lifestyle and fitness markets have provided the driving force for the development of a broad range of wearable technologies that can be adapted for use in healthcare. Here we review existing technologies currently used for measurement of the four primary vital signs along with other clinically-relevant parameters. We review the relevant physiology that defines the measurement needs, and evaluate the different methods of signal transduction and measurement modalities for use in healthcare.